Quit India Movement

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  • Quit India Movement launched by Congress under leadership of Gandhiji was response & reaction to circumstances prevailing in India at that time.
  • The colonial characteristic of British Rule was the most fundamental reason behind launching of Quit India Movement.
  • Economic hardship being faced by common masses & intensified Anti-British discontents. Items of common use were being exported to meet need of armed forces. As a result of this, Famine like situation had developed in Bengal.
  • Policy of repression & suppression being followed by British rule also forced Gandhiji to give a call for launching of Mass Movement.
  • The bitter experience of post World War I had also tied hands of Indian nationalist
  • Indians had supported British during World War I whole heartedly but reward of this cooperation was received in form of Rowlatt act & Jalianwalan Bagh massacre.
  • Indian Nationalist didn’t want to commit same mistake again.
  • The impending threat of Japanese invasion left Indian nation with no choice but to launch an all-out struggle against Britain because Gandhiji knew very well that the presence of British was inviting Japan as there was no traditional hostility between India & Japan.
  • Under these circumstances, Congress working committee in Wardha on 14th July 1942, authorized Gandhi to launch Mass Movement
  • On 8th August 1942, All India Congress Committee assembled at Gawaliya Tank Ground, Mumbai & adopted Quit India resolution. The movement commenced next day as spontaneous resolve.

 

Impact of Quit India Movement

  • The launching of Quit India Movement transformed the character of Anti British Struggle completely. Instead of just being National Movement, the India’s struggle against British Rule became an all-out war against foreign domination.
  • Movement was launched by Gandhiji with the slogan “do or die”.
  • The movement commenced as spontaneous revolutions. It appeared as if people were waiting on Fringe & one call of Gandhiji lacks of Indians jumped into Anti British Struggle immediately.
  • The launching of Quit India Movement greatly radicalizes Anti British Struggle because in spite of many violent incidents the movement was never called off or suspended by Gandhi. In spite Gandhiji held British responsible for these violent incidents.
  • Gandhian Movement of Struggle Truce Struggle was abounded in favor of socialist strategy “sustained struggle.”
  • The Quit India Movement was the first time Pan India movement because for the first time the National Scale struggle was extended to native state. Whole of India participated in movement for liberation.
  • The role of women was very important in Quit India Movement.
  • Women leaders like Usha Mehta contributed greatly to fight against British Rule.
  • Aruna Asaf Ali laid the Anti British agitation in the streets.
  • Usha Mehta set up secret Congress radio to propagate nationalist message.
  • The level of nationalist was awakening was carried to new height.

Even the Bureaucracy & military forces came under influence of nation.

  • British Rule officials realized that the days of British Rule in India were less. They knew that very soon the power would get transferred into Indian hands. So officers didn’t take any strong measure against National Leaders.
  • The Royal Indian Mutiny of Feb 1946 prevails that British couldn’t longer rely on support & loyalty of Indian soldier.
  • Steel pillars on which structure of British Indian Empire resting had started crumbling. Here after, it was just matter of time before British Rule would come to end.
  • The Quit India Movement exhibited the maturity of Indian nationalism because in spite of arrest of all prominent National Leaders in early morning of 9th August, movement commenced with great intensity. The local leaders jumped to fore front to lead anti British struggle & as result of this movement left lasting impact on India’s struggle against British Rule.
  • The activities during Quit India Movement, revealed great influence of socialist idea, Gandhi’s speech of moderation was no longer visible an extremely aggressive outlook in December 1942. He was in strange and militant mood during Quit India Movement.
  • British Indian administration had got paralyzed completely as result of launching of Quit India Movement at many places viz. Balia (Uttar Pradesh) Tamluk (Midnapur, Bengal) & Satara, II government were formed by Indian Nationalist. This government ran for many months successfully.
  • It was pressure of Quit India Movement that convinced the British that the days of colonial rule on India were over. As a result of this, British started to plan to leave India immediately after end of World War II.
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