Uttar Pradesh: Centre of Indian Politics

Whenever the word UP (Uttar Pradesh) is comes into any discussion, then it is not possible to discuss the current political scenario of the state. Several names like Mulayam Singh Yadav, Akhilesh Yadav, Yogi Adityanath, Mayawati, Kanshiram, Smt. Sucheta Kriplani, Chaudhary Charan Singh, etc. were some of the prominent leaders of Modern Day politics of Uttar Pradesh. When it comes to the pre-independence political leaders, then who can forget the name of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, Motilal Nehru, Ramprasad Bismil, Legendary Chandrashekhar Azad, etc.

The Quit India Movement began in 1942, it was the time when the Ballia District of Uttar Pradesh became Baghi Ballia by uprooting the colonial authority of the British Government under the leadership of Chittu Pandey. It is notable that India’s first struggle for Independence began from Uttar Pradesh. In 1857, it was Mangal Pandey (born in Ballia) stormed fear of death in British by starting a rebellion in Meerut Cantonment. In simple words, if it comes to Indian Politics you cannot undermine the importance of Uttar Pradesh.

As we all know, the Election commission of India has already announced elections in Five states i.e. Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Manipur, Uttarakhand, and Goa. Here we are presenting the Uttar Pradesh series where we will explain the whole journey of UP from 1857 to 2021.

Why is Uttar Pradesh is news?

Mayawati (Ex-CM), Yogi Adityanath (Incumbent CM) and Akhilesh Yadav (ex-CM), Uttar Pradesh
Mayawati (Ex-CM), Yogi Adityanath (Incumbent CM) and Akhilesh Yadav (ex-CM)

Election Commission of India has announced elections in five states i.e Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Punjab, Uttarakhand, and Goa. UP Assembly elections will be conducted in seven phases starting on 10th February and will end on 7th March. The elections results for all states will be announced on 10th March. All five states are followin Model Code of Conduct being implemented after the announcment of elections data by ECI.

UP is always a favorite spot for every politician. It is a stated fact that the road to chair of Prime Minister goes through UP as it has 80 Lok Sabha seats out of 543. If any of the party wins a comfortable number of seats in Uttar Pradesh, then it is very sure that either that party is going to have its person to be seated on Prime Minister Chair or they will be the one who will decide the name of Prime Minister (in alliance).

Uttar Pradesh has got 403 seats in Legislative Assembly, 31 seats of Rajya Sabha, and 100 seats for Legislative Council. Uttar Pradesh has got more than 15 crores of voters that is something far higher than other states. The current CM Yogi Adityanath will be 3rd CM who will complete his tenure after Akhilesh Yadav and Mayawati. As we already stated that Assembly elections of UP is always decided the fate of Lok Sabha elections, so this elections is very important for the incumbent party BJP. They are enjoying both legislative and Lok Sabha majority at present. No party can afford loss in this Assembly election 2022.

Current Scenario of UP Assembly

Incumbent CM of Uttar Pradesh, Yogi Adityanath
The Incumbent Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, Yogi Adityanath| Pic Credit: Wikipedia

In the current UP assembly, BJP is the ruling party in the state led by CM Yogi Adityanath. The incumbent party is enjoying a massive majority of 303 seats currently being supported by Apna Dal (Sonelal) with 9 seats. The opposition Samajwadi party is having only 49 MLAs in the assembly house. BSP (Bahujan Samaj Party) is having only 15 seats in Assembly. Ironically, Mayawati (BSP supermo) has served more than 7 years as CM of the state which is the most by anyone in UP. Apart from this, INC (congress) holds only 7 seats has merely any existence in the state. Party who will secure the magic figure of 202 seats in upcoming elections will be able to form the government.

List of Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh

There were 21 political leaders who became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Govind Ballabh Pant was the first Chief Minister of the modern day Uttar Pradesh. Notably, Govind Ballabh Pant was also the preimir of the United Provinces (Previous name of Uttar Pradesh). Smt. Sucheta Kriplani was the first female Chief Minister of UP. She was also the first female in the Independent India who became CM of any state. Mayawati was first Dalit CM of any state in India and was 2nd female Chief Minister of UP. She was also the most serving CM of the state (7 years). Indian National Congress has most 11 Chief Ministers out of 21 in the state.

Here is the complete list of CM of UP (from 2021 to 1950)

Sl.No Chief Minister From To Party Name
1 Yogi Adityanath 19 Mar 2017 Present BJP
2 Akhilesh Yadav 15 Mar 2012 19 Mar 2017 Samajwadi Party
3 Mayawati 13 May 2007 15 Mar 2012 Bahujan Samaj Party
4 Mulayam Singh Yadav 29 Aug 2003 13 May 2007 Samajwadi Party
5 Mayawati 03 May 2002 29 Aug 2003 Bahujan Samaj Party
6 President’s rule 08 Mar 2002 03 May 2002
7 Rajnath Singh 28 Oct 2000 08 Mar 2002 BJP
8 Ram Prakash Gupta 12 Nov 1999 28 Oct 2000 BJP
9 Kalyan Singh 21 Sep 1997 12 Nov 1999 BJP
10 Mayawati 21 Mar 1997 21 Sep 1997 Bahujan Samaj Party
11 President’s rule 17 Oct 1996 21 Mar 1997
12 President’s rule 18 Oct 1995 17 Oct 1996
13 Mayawati 03 Jun 1995 18 Oct 1995 Bahujan Samaj Party
14 Mulayam Singh Yadav 04 Dec 1993 03 Jun 1995 Samajwadi Party
15 President’s rule 06 Dec 1992 04 Dec 1993
16 Kalyan Singh 24 Jun 1991 06 Dec 1992 BJP
17 Mulayam Singh Yadav 05 Dec 1989 24 Jun 1991 Janata Dal
18 N. D. Tiwari 25 Jun 1988 05 Dec 1989 INC
19 Vir Bahadur Singh 24 Sep 1985 24 Jun 1988 INC
20 N. D. Tiwari 11 Mar 1985 24 Sep 1985 INC
21 N. D. Tiwari 03 Aug 1984 10 Mar 1985 INC
22 Sripati Mishra 19 Jul 1982 02 Aug 1984 INC
23 V. P. Singh 09 Jun 1980 18 Jul 1982 INC
24 President’s rule 17 Feb 1980 09 Jun 1980 INC
25 Babu Banarsi Das 28 Feb 1979 17 Feb 1980 Janata Party
26 Ram Naresh Yadav 23 Jun 1977 27 Feb 1979 Janata Party
27 President’s rule 30 Apr 1977 23 Jun 1977
28 N. D. Tiwari 21 Jan 1976 30 Apr 1977 INC
29 President’s rule 30 Nov 1975 21 Jan 1976
30 Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna 05 Mar 1974 29 Nov 1975 INC
31 Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna 08 Nov 1973 04 Mar 1974 INC
32 President’s rule 13 Jun 1973 08 Nov 1973
33 Kamlapati Tripathi 04 Apr 1971 12 Jun 1973 INC
34 Tribhuvana Narayana Singh 18 Oct 1970 03 Apr 1971 INC
35 President’s rule 01 Oct 1970 18 Oct 1970
36 Charan Singh 18 Feb 1970 01 Oct 1970 Bharatiya Kranti Dal
37 Chandra Bhanu Gupta 26 Feb 1969 17 Feb 1970 INC
38 President’s rule 25 Feb 1968 26 Feb 1969
39 Charan Singh 03 Apr 1967 25 Feb 1968 Bharatiya Kranti Dal
40 Chandra Bhanu Gupta 14 Mar 1967 02 Apr 1967 INC
41 Sucheta Kriplani 02 Oct 1963 13 Mar 1967 INC
42 Chandra Bhanu Gupta 14 Mar 1962 01 Oct 1963 INC
43 Chandra Bhanu Gupta 07 Dec 1960 14 Mar 1962 INC
44 Sampurnanand 10 Apr 1957 06 Dec 1960 INC
45 Sampurnanand 28 Dec 1954 09 Apr 1957 INC
46 Govind Ballabh Pant 20 May 1952 27 Dec 1954 INC
47 Govind Ballabh Pant 26 Jan 1950 20 May 1952 INC
48 Govind Ballabh Pant

(United Provinces)

01 Apr 1946 25 Jan 1950 INC
49 Govind Ballabh Pant

(United Provinces)

17 Jul 1937 02 Nov 1939 INC
50 Muhammad Ahmad Said Khan Chhatari

(United Provinces)

03 Apr 1937 16 Jul 1937 Independent

In the next part of this series, we will go through the birth of United Provinces and renaming it to Uttar Pradesh.

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