Indigenous Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Solutions: An indigenous Onboard Driver Assistance and Warning System – ODAWS, Bus Signal Priority System and Common SMart iot Connectiv (CoSMiC) software have been launched under Intelligent Transportation Systems Endeavor for Indian Cities Phase-II initiative of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
The product was launched last week by Dr. Rajendra Kumar, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) in the gracious presence of Shri. Arvind Kumar, GC (R&D in Electronics), MeitY, Dr. Satis V Ukkusuri, Purdue University, USA, and Prof. H P Kincha, Chairman, intense program, Smt. Sunita Verma, Scientist-G & HoD ESDA, MeitY, and Shri Kamlesh Kumar, Scientist-D, MeitY.
Developed Transportation modernization product
The product was developed as a joint initiative by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC) and the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-M). Mahindra and Mahindra was the industrial collaborator for the project.
- Onboard Driver Assistance and Warning System – ODAWS: Speed on the roads has increased as a result of improved highway infrastructure and an increase in the number of vehicles, exacerbating safety concerns. According to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways of India (MoRTH), “driver error” was cited as the cause of the accident in around 84 percent of cases. This is significant when considering the potential for technological applications to assist and warn drivers in reducing driving errors.
ODAWS uses vehicle-borne sensors to monitor driver behavior and the environment in order to provide acoustic and visual alerts for driver assistance. Sub-modules such as the navigational unit, driver assistance console, and mmWave radar sensor are being developed as part of the project. mmWave radar sensors are used to investigate the positional and dynamic characteristics of nearby vehicles. The navigational sensor provides the vehicle with a precise geospatial orientation as well as driving behavior trends. To improve road safety, the ODAWS algorithm is used to interpret sensor data and provide real-time notifications to the driver.
- Bus Signal Priority System: The inconsistency of public transportation is a major reason why people prefer to drive their own cars. Improving this is critical in order to encourage more people to use public transportation, resulting in a more long-term traffic solution. The delay at signalized intersections is one of the major causes of public transportation bus delays on urban arterials.
A bus signal priority system is an operational strategy that alters normal traffic signal operations to allow in-service public buses to pass through signal-controlled intersections more easily. Unlike emergency vehicles, which are given a blind priority, here it is a conditional priority, which is given only if there is a reduction in overall delay for all vehicles. The developed system will reduce personal delays by giving public transportation buses priority, either through Green extension or Red truncation, when all vehicles approaching a signalized intersection are considered.
- Common SMart IoT Connectiv (CoSMiC): It is middleware software that enables IoT deployment based on the oneM2 M-based global standard. It makes it easier for users and application service providers in a variety of vertical domains to use application-agnostic open standards and open interfaces for end-to-end communication with well-defined common service functionalities that comply with the oneM2M standard. With this in mind, the CoSMiC common service layer is used to connect any vendor-specific standards to the smart city dashboard and to improve interoperability.
The horizontal silo architecture prevents vendor lock-in by ensuring interoperability and data exchange between different IoT devices and applications. Registration, Discovery, Security, Group Management, Data Management & Repository, Subscription & Notification, Device Management, Application & Service Management, Communication Management, and Delivery Handling, Network Service Exposure, Location, Service Charging, and Accounting are the 12 common service functions that CoSMiC adhere to.
Interworking Proxy Entity (IPE) APIs are provided by the CoSMiC platform for connecting non-oneM2M (NoDN) devices or third-party applications to the CoSMiC platform. CoSMiC has a Dashboard page that displays IoT units, products, and applications, as well as real-time data, on a Geographical Information System (GIS) map. For historical charts and reports, a secondary data repository is also available. CoSMiC offers a complete end-to-end solution for connecting IoT devices and applications.